Bronchitis is one disease that manifests itself largely within the lungs and the windpipe. It of course will extend and may grow into something else with time. The bronchial tubes become inflamed and react to irritants entering, resulting in generation of mucus that demand expulsion to pave way for air to come in and out of the bronchioles with ease.
It develops into chronic bronchitis when a cough associated with it persists and is accompanied with sputum production for a period of three months or more.
The glaring chronic bronchitis symptoms are basically excess or more than usual mucus production, inflammation and swelling of the bronchi and the narrowing of the bronchioles. This stresses the terminuses of the lungs, that is the alveoli and more pressure exerted during coughing ends up damaging cilia completely. The moment cilia function is gone, expulsion of particles within the trachea, bronchial tubes, and nasal cavities becomes difficult and this stagnation precipitates more injuries to the entire system. Obstructive breathing may occur resulting in much more life threatening conditions. The many environmental irritants are largely the cause of this problem including smoking of cigarettes. Mucus production may increase and thicken and end up squeezing the available passage for air to pass through. Progression of chronic bronchitis may occur and may lead to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
COPD comprises the conditions of emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and chronic asthma. In situations that coughing becomes chronic in the fight towards expulsion of particles and mucus; inflammation may occur and if not handled well by a medical doctor, may end up becoming life threatening. Prolonged inflammation develops scars inside the bronchial tree thus narrowing the airways and causing complete blockage.
In many languages, chronic bronchitis symptoms are isolated by looking at least at all of the following three items namely: the size of damage that has been done to the lungs, impaired breathing and the quantities of oxygen in the blood stream. One may pay attention to the shortness of breath especially during exertion, an ongoing productive cough with sputum, fatigue, absence of mental alertness, dizziness, excess mucus secretion, mild chest pain, persistent cough, wheezing and mild fever. Mucus in most cases is greenish or yellowish; it may also pinkish or orange, depending on the pathogen causing the infection.
Unlike acute bronchitis which may not take long to heal, chronic bronchitis portrays persistence and in most cases will need to be attended to without delay lets it becomes worse. Often the causative agent is bacterial and sometimes viral or both. While smoking is an old habit that has refused to die in most societies, smoke has been isolated as the main pollutant of the lungs. Other agents include air pollutants, chemical fumes, dust and exposure of second hand smoke; all combined brew nothing short of chronic bronchitis. It is only reasonable to state that any healthy human being must avoid all areas that pose any risk of infection. Smoking zones are there for smokers; thanks to the enforcers of this rule; without forgetting also to remind our brothers and sisters working in hazardous environments to wear protective gear at all times and be in good shape.
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